Orchard National Wildlife Refuge's 44,000 acres of land and water contain a wide diversity of flora and fauna. Major habitat
types on the refuge include hardwood forest, agricultural land, grazing units, brushland, wetlands, and lakes.
provides significant resting areas for migratory birds utilizing the Mississippi Flyway. Wintering numbers of Canada Geese
can peak at 200,000. A total of 700 plant species, 245 bird species, 33 mammal species, 63 fish species, and 44 reptile and
amphibian species have been documented on the refuge.
The western 24,000 acres of the refuge provide a wide range of
recreational opportunities and also includea 4,050-acre wilderness area. The eastern portion, 20,000 acres, is a wildlife
sanctuary, and public use is limited.
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